Tuesday, 19 August 2014

The Occurrence Of The Revolution

Reasons progressed for the commonness of the insurgency and its promoter, patriot, and later, Shi'a Muslim character grasp a traditionalist recoil against the Westernizing and secularizing endeavors of the Western-supported delegated head,a liberal kickback to social injustice,a climb in desires made by the 1973 oil income windfall and an extremely strong financial project, displeasure regarding a concise, sharp monetary constriction in 1977–78,and option deficiencies of the ancien régime. The Shah's administration got to be more onerous, brutal,corrupt, and indulgent.it conjointly experienced fundamental valuable disappointments that brought monetary bottlenecks, deficiencies, and inflation.the Islamic Republic of Iran|sovereign|crowned head|monarch} was seen by a few as committed to — if not a manikin of — a non-Muslim Western power (the United States)whose society was powerful that of Iran. At indistinguishable time, help for the delegated head could have melted away among Western lawmakers and media – especially underneath the organization of U.s. President Jimmy Carter – as a consequences of the Shah's backing for global association fossil oil worth will expand prior inside the decade.when United States President sanctioned a human-rights arrangement that aforementioned nations blameworthy of human-rights infringement would be impeded yank arms or help, this helped give a few Iranians the soul to post open letters and petitions inside the trust that the suppression by the govt.
That the transformation supplanted the autarchy of Mohammad Reza delegated head Pahlavi with Islamism and religious pioneer, rather than with an alternate pioneer and convictions, is attributable somewhat to the unfold of the religious request form of the Muslim recovery that restricted Westernization and saw Ayatollah Khomeini as emulating inside the strides of the Shi'a Moslem Husayn ibn Ali and along these lines the delegated head inside the part of Husayn's enemy, the disdained dictator Yazid I.other variables grasp the assessment of Khomeini's Moslem development by every the Shah's rule – United Nations org considered them a minor danger contrasted with the Marxists and Muslim socialists.

Monday, 25 February 2013

Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force

The Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force (IRIAF) (Persian: نیروی هوایی ارتش جمهوری اسلامی ایران‎) is the aviation branch of the Iranian armed forces. The present Air Force came into being in the early 1980s when the former Imperial Iranian Air Force was renamed.

The Air Force has attempted with some success to maintain in service the large number of American-built aircraft which Iran acquired during the Shah's regime. The Air Force has turned to purchases of Soviet and Chinese aircraft, as well as pressing ex-Iraqi aircraft into service, and indigenously built aircraft, in order to maintain a capable force.

Monday, 30 July 2012


Iran, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (Persian: جمهوری اسلامی ایران‎ Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān), is a country in Western Asia and Southern Asia. The name "Iran", which in Persian means "Land of the Aryans", has been in use natively since the Sassanian era. It came into use internationally in 1935, before which the country was known to the Western world as Persia ( /ˈpɜrʒə/ or /ˈpɜrʃə/). Both "Persia" and "Iran" are used interchangeably in cultural contexts; however, "Iran" is the name used officially in political contexts.

The 18th-largest country in the world in terms of area at 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), Iran has a population of around 75 million. It is a country of particular geopolitical significance owing to its location in three spheres of Asia (West, Central, and South). Iran is bordered on the north by Armenia, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. As Iran is a littoral state of the Caspian Sea, which is an inland sea, Kazakhstan and Russia are also Iran's direct neighbors to the north. Iran is bordered on the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, on the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, on the west by Iraq and on the northwest by Turkey. Tehran is the capital, the country's largest city and the political, cultural, commercial and industrial center of the nation. Iran is a regional power, and holds an important position in international energy security and world economy as a result of its large reserves of petroleum and natural gas. Iran has the second largest proven natural gas reserves in the world and the fourth largest proven petroleum reserves.

Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations. The first dynasty in Iran formed during the Elamite kingdom in 2800 BC. The Iranian Medes unified Iran into an empire in 625 BC. They were succeeded by the Iranian Achaemenid Empire, the Hellenic Seleucid Empire and two subsequent Iranian empires, the Parthians and the Sassanids, before the Muslim conquest in 651 AD. Iranian post-Islamic dynasties and empires expanded the Persian language and culture throughout the Iranian plateau. Early Iranian dynasties which re-asserted Iranian independence included the Tahirids, Saffarids, Samanids and Buyids.

Thursday, 25 August 2011

Iranian Revolution

The Iranian Revolution (also known as the Islamic Revolution or 1979 Revolution; Persian: انقلاب اسلامی, Enghelābe Eslāmi orانقلاب بیست و دو بهمن) refers to events involving the overthrow of Iran's monarchy (Pahlavi dynasty) under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and its replacement with an Islamic republic under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the revolution.

Demonstrations against the Shah commenced in October 1977, developing into a campaign of civil resistance that was partly secular and partly religious, and intensified in January 1978. Between August and December 1978 strikes and demonstrations paralyzed the country. The Shah left Iran for exile in mid-January 1979, and in the resulting power vacuum two weeks later Ayatollah Khomeini returned to Tehran to a greeting by several million Iranians. The royal regime collapsed shortly after on February 11 when guerrillas and rebel troops overwhelmed troops loyal to the Shah in armed street fighting. Iran voted by national referendum to become an Islamic Republic on April 1, 1979, and to approve a new theocratic constitution whereby Khomeini became Supreme Leader of the country, in December 1979.

The revolution was unusual for the surprise it created throughout the world: it lacked many of the customary causes of revolution (defeat at war, a financial crisis, peasant rebellion, or disgruntled military); produced profound change at great speed; was massively popular; overthrew a puppet regime of the United States, which was heavily protected by a lavishly financed army and security services; and replaced a modernising monarchy with a theocracy based on Guardianship of the Islamic Jurists (or velayat-e faqih). Its outcome – an Islamic Republic "under the guidance of an extraordinary religious scholar from Qom" – was, as one scholar put it, "clearly an occurrence that had to be explained".